MSRP, MPG, EPA: Here’s Your Car Buying Vocabulary Lesson

Car Buying TuscaloosaLook for a new car, and you may quickly be overwhelmed by all the abbreviations and other jargon. While most people realize that MPG stands for miles per gallon, some of the other abbreviations and terms can be incredibly confusing, especially if you are new to driving or car buying. You can find a complete list of car-related abbreviations and their meanings online, but here are some of the most important ones you should know.

General Terms

If you see the abbreviation EV, this means that it is an electric vehicle. FFV stands for flexible fuel vehicle, which typically means it can take one of multiple types of fuel. When you see MSRP, know that this refers to the manufacturer’s suggested retail price. A dealership may sell a vehicle for more or less than this amount.

Mechanical Systems

In terms of the mechanical systems, the most common abbreviations will be related to the drive train. 4WD stands for 4-wheel drive while 2WD implies 2-wheel drive and AWD is for all-wheel drive. You may also see or hear the terms RWD for rear-wheel drive and FWD for front-wheel drive. If you see an abbreviation like 16v when talking about an engine, this refers to the number of valves, in this case, 16. Automatic transmissions may be referred to as A/Ts. You will also want to know that hp stands for horsepower, just like lb-ft stands for pound-feet of torque.

In addition to MPG, you should also know EPA. This stands for the Environmental Protection Agency, the group responsible for determining official MPG numbers.

Safety-Related Features

Many of the most common safety systems found across various car models also have their own abbreviations. ABS, for example, stands for the Antilock Brake System. You will sometimes see Adaptive Cruise Control referred to as ACC, although this is less common. Another less common term is ADAS for an Advanced Driver Assistance System. Sometimes, EBC will stand for Electronic Brake Control. EBD is a common abbreviation for Electronic Brake-force Distribution. The common abbreviation LATCH stands for Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children; this is the most common system for connecting your child car seat. SRS stands for the supplemental restraint system, which is found in nearly every car. Tire pressure is also important for safety in addition to other things; it is measured in psi, or pounds per square inch.

Accessories and Other Features

When talking about charging systems available in various Hyundai models, 12v will refer to a 12-volt system with a similar format for other voltages. In terms of comfort, the term A/C refers to the air-conditioning. As with the system in homes, you may also see HVAC for heater-vent-air-conditioning. CC may refer to either climate control or cruise control, depending on the situation.

This list is definitely not conclusive. If you ever come across a term or abbreviation you don’t understand while shopping at Tuscaloosa Hyundai, just ask one of our staff what it means. Our team wants to make sure you find the perfect Hyundai for your drives around Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and that requires your complete understanding of its features.